Panchakarma treatment is targeted  to expel increased Kapha Dosha out of the body. When Kapha dosha gets increased, it causes certain types of diseases - such as cold, cough etc. If the extent of Kapha increase is less, then some oral medicines can be given to suppress it. But if it has increased to a large extent and if it has moved from its natural place to other places, then it needs to be expelled out of the body.  By expelling it out, the disease gets cured, often completely. Since Kapha is situated in the chest region, expelling it from the oral route is very easy. Hence, Vamana treatment is designed. To expel it out, first the Kapha Dosha needs to be forcefully brought from the extremities and different organs into the stomach, and then vomiting is induced.
Advantages of Vaman therapy:
Vitiated and aggressive Kapha dosha is expelled out of the body, leading to cure of disease. The digestion and metabolism power gets enhanced,
Normal health is restored; The sense organs, mind, intelligence, and complexion become clear and gain strength; The person gains strength, nourishment and immunity, It improves the chances of fertility, virility and sexual power. It helps to slow down aging process. One can live healthily for long time. Indications for Vaman Panchakarma treatment -
Vomiting therapy should be administered in two Kapha conditions -
>When Kapha Dosha is increased aggressively causing a disease.
>Kapha is associated with Pitta dosha and they together cause disease, but Kapha (aka Shleshma) is the dominant Dosha.


Vomiting should be allowed till the appearance- coming out of Pitta. This is appreciated by expulsion of bile or yellow sticky material, at the end. Coming out of Pitta indicates complete expulsion of Kapha Dosha.
Ayoga - inadequate bouts - Non - commencement of bouts, bouts coming on with hindrance or elimination of the medicine only- are the features of inadequate bouts; from it arise, excess of expectoration, itching, appearance of skin rashes, fever etc.

Diet regimen after Vamana treatment
It is also called as Samsarjana Krama. Soon after emesis, the digestive capacity of the patient is very low. Hence, all of a sudden regular diet cannot be introduced. In stead, liquid diet should be started and gradually turning to solids.
In the same evening or the next day after Vamana, patient should take bath in lukewarm water.
He should be given like- warm gruel (Manda) prepared with well cooked old rice. The gruel should be very thin. This is to be given with due regard to the power of digestion, for three meal-times.
For the fourth meal- time, gruel prepared with rice (Vilepi), well-cooked, warm and devoid of oil / ghee and salt altogether or with oil / ghee and salt in small  quantity is to be given. Warm water is to be taken after the intake of gruel.
The same type of diet is to be continued for  the fifth and sixth meal-times.
For the seventh meal-time again, well-cooked porridge (odana) prepared with the same type of rice of two Prasruta along with a very thin green gram soup (Mudga yusha),  added with oil / ghee and salt in small quantity is to be given.
Warm water should be taken after the intake of the porridge. The same diet is to be repeated for the eighth and ninth meal-times. For the tenth meal-time, thin meat-soup  (Mamsarasa) prepared with water and salt should be given. Warm water is to be taken after this.
This is again to be repeated for the eleventh and twelfth meal times. Thereafter, the patient should take food having different tastes  and he should start taking his normal diet from the seventh night.
Vaman therapy:
Virechana or Virechana Karma is a purification therapy and one among the five scared, healing therapies of the Panchakarma. The Panchakarma encompasses five treatments that can prevent and heal a number of physical, mental and emotional disorders and illnesses.
TREATMENT
The Virachana therapy is medicated purification therapy, cleansing the body from excess pitta accumulation, purifying blood and clearing toxins. The therapy primarily concentrates on the toxins accumulated in the liver and gall bladder, thus cleansing the gastro-intestinal tract completely.
Virechana Karma, mentioned in the Charaka Samhita, is known to be the best cure for treating the diseases emerging from vitiation of the pitta dosha.
VirechanaKarma, mentioned in the Charaka Samhita, is known to be the best cure for treating the diseases emerging from vitiation of the Pitta dosha.
TYPES OF VIRECHANA KARMA
1. Anulomana
2. Sansarjana
3. Bhedana
4. Rechana
Virechana or Virechana Karma

BENEFITS:
Virechana Therapy is recommended and is highly beneficial for the following:
- Detoxification in case of accumulation of Pitta dosha,
- Eliminates toxin accumulation in the GI tract,
- Effective treatment for piles, constipation, acidity, ulcers, liver/ spleen diseases, jaundice, inflammations,
- Cleanses body from poisoning,
- Cures mild and chronic skin disorders,
- Relives headaches, anemia, pain in the large intestine, non-healing wounds- Helps manage diabetes, asthma and heart diseases,
- Reduces gynecological disorders,
Virechana therapy is an effective Ayurvedic treatment that can cure a number of health problems naturally. The Virechana Ayurvedic detox program, which may take 3 to 8 days, is also safe from any side effects.
Basti is described for diseases with imbalanced Doshas having predominance of Vata or for diseases with Vata imbalance alone,
It is the best among all treatments.
It is of three kinds- viz
Niruha also known as Asthapana Basti  Decoction enema  decoction mixed with salt, honey, ghee etc is administered.
Anuvasana  also known as snehabasti  ghee, oil, fat etc are administered. Herbal oils such as Narayana Taila, Herbal ghritas are more commonly used for this purpose.
Uttarabasti administered through urethral route. 1
Notes- Basti  means urinary bladder. In ancient times urinary bladder of animals like buffalo etc were used as a bag to hold the enema material like decoctions, oil etc.

Other therepy:


Pizhichil
is a special form of Ayurvedic treatment that combines rich oil massage with a special heat treatment. This therapy is known as the “King’s Treatment” due to its popularity with the Maharajas of ancient India. During this indulgent treatment 20 liters of medicated and warmed Ayurvedic oil is continuously poured over the body while two practitioners rub and stimulate the skin using hands and special cotton cloths. The process is performed with the person both lying down and while sitting in a chair specially designed for the purpose of applying medicated oils. This is a highly rejuvenating treatment that enhances muscular tone and retunes the entire nervous system.

Navarakizhi or Shashtika Shali Pinda Sweda” is a form of sweat inducing massage treatment. It is used to improve muscle strength, rejuvenate and re-energize body. Here, milk and rice are mainly used.
Milk is a well known nutrient to us, so is rice. They form a part of our daily diet. But in this write-up we shall see how these 2 food products are used for treatment purposes, not when taken internally but when applied externally.
Yes! You have heard it right. Milk processed with medicinal herbs and a special type of rice are combined together to be used as an effective external therapy. This treatment is used to provide strength and nutrition to the body tissues, especially bones, muscles and other soft tissues.
The treatment is a special gift from Ayurveda to the ailing world and is called Shashtika Shali Pinda Sweda in Sanskrit and Njavarakizhi in Kerala Ayurvedic practice.
Though it is a sweating form of treatment, often, the term massage is associated with this treatment because sweating is used by massaging.
Shirovasti or Shiro Vasti

is a word comprising of 2 terms, Shiro meaning head, Vasti meaning pooling of herbal oils and or medicated liquids on the head
Thus ShiroVasti means pooling the liquid medicines, especially herbal oils and or ghee in a chamber or compartment constructed over the head.
Synonyms - Shiro Basti (Vasti also means Basti, both mean ‘to stay’, here the liquid medicines stay within the walls of the constructed compartment)

Category of Shiro Vasti / Shiro basti
Shiro Vasti is a procedure which is included in the category of Murdhni Taila (various methods of applying oil over the head). It is a type of Bahya Snehana (using of oil and conducting treatments over the body, externally).
It can also be selectively brought in as a treatment option for many Vata related disorders and disorders affecting the head & sense organs and for control and prevention of many psychosomatic disorders.

Why Shirobasti?
Ayurveda considers the human body as an inverted tree wherein the roots are at the top and the branches pointing downwards.
If the human body is considered to be a tree -
>The head of the human body will be considered to be the roots of this tree,
>The central portion of the body made up of thorax and abdomen is said to be the trunk of this tree and
>The limbs (upper and lower) are considered to be the branches of this tree.
Head is an abode of the remote control of the entire body - ‘The Brain and nerves’ and all the components which keep us attached and attracted to this material world - ‘The Sense Organs’. For these reasons, the head is called as ‘Uttamanga’.
Since taking care of the head and its components is mandatory for maintaining a healthy life we need to nurture, pamper, relax, soothe and strengthen the engine of our system by conducting Shiro Abhyanga and other treatments mentioned in Moordha Taila or Murdhni Taila.

Brief introduction of Murdhni Taila -
Moordha or Murdhni means Head, Taila means oil or herbal oil
Murdhni Taila or Moordha Taila is a procedure of conducting treatments on the head using herbal (medicated) oils such that the oil remains in contact with the scalp for a fixed duration of time.


Kativasthi/Urovasti Ayurveda Treatment
A Kativasti is performed to treat chronic back problems and slip disc. The meaning of the ayurvedic term Kati is central portion of the body and Vasti means container.
Treatment Method
Using black gram dough an enclosure is made on the lower back part and lukewarm herbal oil is poured into this and retained. This reduces the pain and strengthens the bone tissues. After half an hour this is removed and gently massaged with the same oil. The patient is then recommended to take rest for some time.
Benefits:
· Osteo-arthritis of the hip.
· Spinal disorders.
· Inflammatory conditions.
Urovasti
It is the treatment for the chest part of the body. A treatment prescribed for Asthma, other respiratory problems and
muscular chest pain.
Treatment Method
A mixture of herbal oils is prepared and held in a well made of herbal paste. It is held there for about 30 to 45
minutes. The properties of the herbal oil will start acting on the blood and enriches it and strengthens the muscles
and connective tissues.

Benefits:
· Asthma.
· Other Respiratory ailments.
· Muscular Chest Pain.
· Heart Diseases.
Taila dhara is an Ayurvedic treatment method, which includes the continuous pouring of medicated oil over head for
up to 45 minutes. It is prescribed as a cure to insomnia, schizophrenia, epilepsy, migraine, and problems caused to
ear, ears, nose, throat, and head. Taila dhara soothes the nervous system
Thus Greeva Vasti
means a treatment in which medicated oils are poured and pooled for a fixed duration of time in a compartment or a cabin constructed over the neck or nape of the neck (back side of the neck) area using wet flour of black gram, covering the cervical region (nape of the neck / over the neck bones).
In simple words, Griva Vasti is pain relieving oil-pooling treatment conducted for neck pain caused due to many causes
Vasti or Basti is a term used to describe the urinary bladder in Ayurveda. Urinary bladder is a bag which holds urine for a certain amount of period till it is voided.
Similarly in Greeva Vasti a compartment (cabin or compound like structure) is constructed over the back of the neck area by using flour of black gram and the pain relieving medicated (herbal) oils are pooled and left in place (retained) in this compartment for a fixed duration of time. Therefore the procedure is called Greeva Vasti.
In which conditions is Greeva Basti beneficial?
Greeva Vasti is highly beneficial in the below said conditions -
Cervical spondylosis -
It is one of the most common causes of the neck pain. Cervical spondylosis is also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis. It is a degenerative condition of the bones forming the neck (cervical vertebrae). It affects the joints and discs (cushion like material between each 2 bones of the spine or backbone) and soft tissues of the neck. It develops due to the wear and tear of the cartilage and bones found in the cervical spine. While it is generally contributed to the ageing process, it can be caused by other factors as wel
It is a process in which Oil is retained in the Cardiac Region by making a ring or Dough wall with Black gram warm and medicated oils are poured in it.
Janu - means Knee joint
Basti - means to hold (compartment which holds.
Thus Janu Vasti means a treatment in which medicated oils are poured and pooled for a fixed duration of time in a compartment or a cabin constructed around the knee joint / joints using wet flour of black gram.
In simple words, Janu Vasti is pain relieving oil-pooling treatment conducted for knee pain caused due to many causes
Vasti or Basti is a term used to describe the urinary bladder in Ayurveda. Urinary bladder is a bag which holds urine for a certain amount of period till it is voided.
Similarly in Janu Vasti a compartment (cabin or compound like structure) is constructed around the knee joint (front or back, depending on where the site of degeneration or inflammation or injury is present) by using flour of black gram and the pain relieving medicated (herbal) oils are pooled and left in place (retained) in this compartment for a fixed duration of time. Therefore the procedure is called Janu Vasti.

In which conditions is Janu Vasti beneficial?
Jaanu Vasti is highly beneficial in the below said conditions -
Most common causes (reasons) for knee pain, as in the figure shown below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



Ayurvedic gynecological treatments have been proved to be successful in fighting against infertility, breast related problems, menstrual problems, leucorrhoea and many other issues. Gynecological treatments like, Yoni Pichu, Yoni Prakshalana are useful in gynic related ailments.


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